Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons
Nuts are actually fruits whether or not shelled or peeled and some of the seeds which is generally edible. Seeds like as pistachio, Almond, dried walnuts and etc. and fruits such as dried plums, apricots, raisins ,…. The three provinces of Kerman, Khorasan and Yazd in Iran have the largest share of nuts , especially pistachios.
Nuts in the world
According to the statistics the largest exporter of nuts in 2019 are : the united states, Turkey, Indonesia, China, Chile, Spain, Australia, Italy, Germany and South Africa, respectively, whose export value can be seen in the figure below.
Chart of the largest exporters of nuts and dried fruits in the world (Source: Statistica)
peel of citrus fruit or melons
in the 2019 the largest exporters of peel of citrus fruit or melons in the world were: Myanmar with $ 26.9 million, Spain with $ 21.3 million, Mexico with $ 7.59 million, Peru with $ 7.43 million and China with $ 6.44 million.
Also in this year the largest importers of this Products were: China with $ 27.9 million, Germany with $ 18.8 million, France with $ 10.9 million, Japan with $ 8.95 million and the United States with $ 7.17 million. Source: trademap.org
Map of net export and import of Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons in the 2019 (source: oec.world)
In general, the main products that Iran has exported to Switzerland are : Other nuts, fresh or dried, whether or not shelled or peeled with HS 0802, Dates, figs, pineapples, avocados, guavas, mangoes and mangos teens, fresh or dried with 0804 HS code, Other fruit, fresh with 0810 HS code. HS 08025100 with $ 0.02 million and dates with $ 0.12 million had the most exports. Source: tpo.ir
Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons market in Switzerland
As statistics show, this products have second value of export between Iran and Switzerland. As shown in the chart below, the export volume of these products has experienced a good increase since 2016.
Import value of Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons, Switzerland from Iran (source: tradingeconomics)
Among these, one of the main products that Europeans are interested in is pistachio. These countries mainly supply their pistachios from the United States and Iran.
Pistachios are exported to Switzerland in bulk and in packages. Two kind of the main types of pistachios for export by the Swiss are saffron and salted pistachios. The high tourist population of Switzerland has led to a boom in the sale of products such as Iranian pistachios there in single-person packaging Source: zingapp.ir. Of course, green pistachio kernels also account for a significant amount of exports to this country. As pistachios are not required to be exported to Switzerland to export EU certificates, it is easier to export to this country than to other European countries Source: Shadizva.ir.
Many kinds of dried fruits and nuts are enter Europe in bulk, which are transported to processing and sorting plants after obtaining legal and health permits, and enter the market after packaging Source: Buskool.com.
The most common requirements for dried fruit exports are as follows:
1- amount of humidity 2- Size 3- Quantity and type of preservatives 4- Quality rating
Also, one of the requirements for exporting these items is to remove the label containing product information and production date, etc.
Iran is one of the good global potentials in the field of nuts and dried fruits. The main types of nuts and dried fruits that are produced in this country include the following: Pistachios, dates, almonds, walnuts, raisins, hazelnuts, plums, dried figs, dried berries, dried fruits, jujube, etc